Waste management and recycling
Waste volumes have been increasing for years, piling up into growing mountains of refuse around the world. This development presents an immense challenge to the environment. On the one hand, many emerging nations have only an inadequate infrastructure for waste disposal. Unregulated storage, illegal dumping and open-air incineration lead to significant environmental pollution and pose considerable health risks. Contamination of the soil, groundwater and surface water causes significant damage to ecosystems. In addition, the fermentation of organic matter in waste generates landfill gases that contain methane, which is extremely harmful to the environment. Waste management is therefore another important area for action in the fight against global warming.
Waste management and recycling are also gaining in significance in light of the scarcity of resources. Since recycling waste helps create new sources of raw materials, waste management makes a valuable contribution to the goal of resource-efficient growth.
Limiting the volume of waste and recycling it wherever possible are the core aims of sustainable waste management and recycling – aims that are reflected in the segments that constitute the lead market for waste management and recycling. The services and infrastructures subsumed under the market segment for waste collection, transportation and separation lay the foundation for the recovery and recycling of waste. The material recovery and energy recovery segments cover technology lines that transform (supposed) waste into reusable resources. The landfill market segment brings together those technology lines that support the environmentally friendly disposal of waste.